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NPR starting on 1st April , What is NPR ?

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National Population Register (NPR)

The National Population Register (NPR) is a database of the identities of all Indian residents.

The National Population Register (NPR) is a Register of usual residents of the country. It is being prepared at the local Village, Town, sub-District, District, State and National level under provisions of the Citizenship Act .

It is mandatory for every usual resident of India to register in the NPR. A usual resident is defined for the purposes of NPR as a person who has resided in a local area for the past 6 months or more or a person who intends to reside in that area for the next 6 months or more.

It is to improve implementation of the economic policies of the government and its various programs, in so far as they affect different segments of the population. NPR and UIDAI work closely together to create a database of Indian residents.

The objective of the NPR is to create a comprehensive identity database of every usual resident in the country. The database would contain demographic as well as biometric particulars.

What is in NPR

The following demographic details of every individual are required for every usual resident:

Name of person

Relationship to head of household

Father’s name

Mother’s name

Spouse’s name (if married)


Date of Birth

Marital status

Place of birth

Nationality (as declared)

Present address of usual residence

Duration of stay at present address

Permanent residential address


Educational qualification

Starting of NPR

The data for National Population Register was collected in 2010 alongwith the houselisting phase of Census of India 2011.

The updation of this data was done during 2015 by conducting door to door survey. The digitisation of the updated information has been completed.

Now it has been decided to update the National Population Register along with the Houselisting phase of Census 2021 during April to September 2020 in all the States/UTs except Assam.

A Gazette notification to this effect has already been published by the Central Government.

The exercise to update the National Population Register (NPR) will kick off on April 1 2020 in the  NDMC area in new delhi with President Ram Nath kovind to be the first resident to be enrolled.

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